Most learning disabled students enter special education, because they are not learning at the same pace as their peers. To be eligible for special services, students take many special tests determined at a preeligibility meeting. The students’ scores must be statistically significant for him/her to be eligible.
Many administrators, psychologists, teachers and “experts” believe that special education students make little, if any, progress from year to year. The unchanging nature of those students is the logic behind administering eligibility (excluding academic) testing every 6 years instead of every 3 years. That is the primary reason given, but another reason is money. Since psychologists or teachers on special assignment (TOSA) are expensive, there is motivation to reduce the demand for their time. Realistically, there is usually no need to continually waste instructional time by having students miss classes to take repetitive tests that essentially mean nothing except determine eligibility.
The academic evaluation tests are what determine whether or not the student is making progress. Usually, professionals are “happy” to see the student make 1-6 months gain over a year. They are happy to see those types of gains because they are typical for learning disabilities students. Unfortunately, most learning disabled students do make those types of gains, with a typical ceiling of progress between 3rd and 4th grade levels of performance.
Having a learning disability does not mean the child can’t or won’t learn. It means that the child learns differently and/or at a different pace from others. Many students’ problems can disappear with specific, direct instruction. This does not mean reading from a script for instructional purposes in a scientifically researched program. It does mean finding ways to teach both the strengths and the weaknesses of the child.
Rarely do educators, either special or general, sufficiently understand learning …Read More